第2種不完全ガンマ関数とガンマ関数の比の極限

第2種不完全ガンマ関数とガンマ関数の比の極限

(1)

\[ \lim_{k\rightarrow0}\frac{\Gamma\left(k,x\right)}{\Gamma\left(k\right)}=\delta_{0x} \]

(2)

\[ \lim_{k\rightarrow\infty}\frac{\Gamma\left(k,x\right)}{\Gamma\left(k\right)}=1 \]

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\(\Gamma\left(x\right)\)はガンマ関数、\(\Gamma\left(k,x\right)\)は第2種不完全ガンマ関数、\(\delta_{ij}\)はクロネッカーのデルタ

(1)

\begin{align*} \lim_{k\rightarrow0}\frac{\Gamma\left(k,x\right)}{\Gamma\left(k\right)} & =\lim_{k\rightarrow0}\frac{k\Gamma\left(k,x\right)}{k\Gamma\left(k\right)}\\ & =\lim_{k\rightarrow0}\frac{k\Gamma\left(k,x\right)}{\Gamma\left(k+1\right)}\\ & =\lim_{k\rightarrow0}\frac{\Gamma\left(k+1,x\right)-x^{k}e^{-x}}{\Gamma\left(k+1\right)}\\ & =\lim_{k\rightarrow0}\frac{\Gamma\left(1,x\right)-x^{k}e^{-x}}{\Gamma\left(1\right)}\\ & =e^{-x}-\left(1-\delta_{0x}\right)e^{-x}\\ & =\delta_{0x}e^{-x}\\ & =\delta_{0x} \end{align*}

(2)

\begin{align*} \lim_{k\rightarrow\infty}\frac{\Gamma\left(k,x\right)}{\Gamma\left(k\right)} & =\lim_{k\rightarrow0}\frac{\Gamma\left(k,x\right)}{\Gamma\left(k\right)}+\sum_{k=+0}^{\infty}\left(\frac{\Gamma\left(k+1,x\right)}{\Gamma\left(k+1\right)}-\frac{\Gamma\left(k,x\right)}{\Gamma\left(k\right)}\right)\\ & =\delta_{0x}+\sum_{k=+0}^{\infty}\left(\frac{\Gamma\left(k+1,x\right)}{\Gamma\left(k+1\right)}-\frac{\Gamma\left(k,x\right)}{\Gamma\left(k\right)}\right)\\ & =\delta_{0x}+e^{-x}\sum_{k=+0}^{\infty}\frac{x^{k}}{k!}\\ & =\delta_{0x}+e^{-x}\left(e^{x}-\delta_{0x}\right)\\ & =\delta_{0x}\left(1-e^{-x}\right)+1\\ & =1 \end{align*}

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第2種不完全ガンマ関数とガンマ関数の比の極限

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